Under What Management Practices and Mechanisms Water Resource Can Be Considered As a Public Good for Sustainable Development in the Developing Countries?

Saoussen Saied, Habibullah Magsi, Fateh M. Marri, Hichem Rejeb



In this article, we present two empirical examples of water governance failures and its conflicts from coastal zones of Indus Delta, Pakistan, and Cap Bon, Tunisia. Results reveal that there is lack of secure equilibrium between sustainable, equitable and efficient uses of limited water to serve for economic sectors. While the water in both zones having high importance for economic contribution (irrigation, tourism and industrial use) and landscape attractions (touristic sites). Based on the results obtained from the case studies, we have proposed a new mechanism for water supply, management and conservation, which may be extended to the developing countries. Prospectively, we try to disclose that how this mechanism will ensure water resource sustainability to local communities and to contribute in economic development at national scale. Finally, the need for new modes of governance and institutional arrangements for water management mechanism is highlighted and suggestions for its application are made.


Keywords: Water resource; conflict; management; Indus Delta; Cap Bon; developing countries